Mixed political and history blog The Restoration of a Cal 40 The first look at the boat showed what we getting ourselves in for. The owners were an elderly couple who had owned it for 12 or 13 years.
The term "home economics" may call up stereotypical images of girls busily sewing and cooking in s classrooms, images that have led many people to view this field as fundamentally narrow, dull, and socially conservative.
Some were focused on the home, while others were more concerned with the broader social environment. Some saw home economics as a vehicle for creating vocational and economic opportunities for girls and women and for educating boys and men about domestic skills, while others sought to enforce traditional models of sex roles and family life.
However, even the most conservative models of home economics offered some women a path to careers as teachers and researchers.
The books and periodicals that are being made available through the Core Historical Literature of Home Economics project document the history of this field in all of its ambiguity and complexity.
Although the term "home economics" did not come into wide usage until the early twentieth century, efforts to formalize and teach principles of domesticity go back to the mids. Increases in literacy and in the availability of printed materials during the nineteenth century made possible the emergence of a literature on homemaking.
One of the most influential early examples was the Treatise on Domestic Economy for the Use of Young Ladies at Homewritten by Catharine Beecheran educator and social reformer who was a half-sister of the abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe.
Beecher argued for the importance of domestic life and sought to apply scientific principles to childrearing, cooking, and housekeeping, and she also advocated access to liberal education for young woman, although she opposed female suffrage on the grounds that women should leave the public sphere to men.
Other forerunners of home economics were the cooking schools that began coming into being in the s. Women such as Maria Parloa and Fannie Farmer, both of whom taught at the famous Boston Cooking School, offered instruction in preparing healthful, low-cost meals.
At first they provided training mainly for professional cooks, but over time they opened up their classes to an eager general public. Teachers during this period also published some of the first cookbooks directed at a large popular audience.
An important event in the development of home economics as an academic field was the passage of the Morrill Act inwhich led to the establishment of land-grant colleges in each state. Until that time, American higher education had focused largely on teaching the classics and on preparing young men for white-collar professions such as medicine, law, and the ministry.
The Morrill Act mandated a wider mission for the institutions it funded, covering not only the traditional curriculum, but also research and instruction in practical areas of endeavor.
These included what were called the "mechanic arts," but the major emphasis was on agriculture, given that the United States was at that time still a predominantly agrarian society. Activities such as cooking, housecleaning, sewing, laundry, care of the sick, and sanitation were all to be transformed and modernized through the application of scientific theories and techniques.
In the last decades of the nineteenth century, the land-grant schools, along with a few private institutions, established courses of instruction in what was generally called "domestic science.
She went on to be the first, and for many years the only, woman to earn a degree at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After graduating, she taught at M.
She was also active in public health and social reform efforts in the Boston area. Throughout her career, she emphasized the influence of environment on health and well-being.A Review Essay on GDP: A Brief but Affectionate History by Diane Coyle by Moshe Syrquin. Published in volume 54, issue 2, pages of Journal of Economic Literature, June , Abstract: GDP, the most fundamental concept of aggregate economics, is often misunderstood and misused.
Indian History – Important events. History of kaja-net.com overview: The people of India have had a continuous civilization since B.C., when the inhabitants of the Indus River valley developed an urban culture based on commerce and sustained by agricultural kaja-net.com civilization declined around B.C., probably due to ecological changes.
The development experiences of Third World countries since the fifties have been staggeringly diverse—and hence very informative. Forty years ago the developing countries looked a lot more like each other than they do today.
HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT General References: The Literate Economist: A Brief History of Economics, HarperCollins, Dobb, Maurice, Theories of value and Distribution Since Adam Smith, Cambridge An Essay in Economics and Applied Philosophy, HarperCollins, Lutz, Mark and Kenneth Lux, The Challenge of Humanistic Economics.
This chapter outlines a history of specialized dictionaries in economics and allied disciplines, presenting them grouped by their scope in chronological order. The first dictionaries qualifying themselves as ‘economic’ were in reality concerned with practical arts and agriculture (18th and early 19th century).
The European University Institute (EUI) is a unique international centre for doctorate and post-doctorate studies and research, situated in the Tuscan hills overlooking Florence.