According to new research published by the American Psychological Association, Black boys as young as 10 are proven to not be given the same presumption of childhood innocence as their White peers. Our research found that Black boys can be seen as responsible for their actions at an age when White boys still benefit from the assumption that children are essentially innocent. The study described use of force as takedown or wrist lock; kicking or punching; striking with a blunt object; using a police dog, restraints or hobbling; or using tear gas, electric shock or killing. The students judged children up to 9 years old as equally innocent regardless of race, but considered Black children significantly less innocent than other children in every age group beginning at age 10, the researchers found.
Shutterstock Although African-Americans constitute only 13 percent of all Americansnearly half of all prison inmates in the U. A number of recent studies and reports paint a damning picture of how American society dehumanizes blacks starting from early childhood.
More than 20 years ago, Smith College professor Ann Arnett Ferguson wrote a groundbreaking book based on her three-year study of how black boys in particular are perceived differently starting in school. In fact, black youth are far more likely to be suspended from school than any other race.
They also face disproportionate expulsion and arrest rates, and once children enter the juvenile justice system they are far more likely to be incarcerated as adults. Even the Justice Department under President Obama has understood what a serious problem this is, issuing a set of new guidelines earlier this year to curb discriminatory suspension in schools.
But it turns out that negative disciplinary actions affect African-American children starting as early as age 3. Department of Education just released a comprehensive study of public schools, revealing in a report that black children face discrimination even in preschool. That preschool-aged children are suspended at all is hugely disturbing.
Data from the year show that although black children make up only 18 percent of preschoolers, 42 percent of them were suspended at least once and 48 percent were suspended multiple times.
Consistent with this educational data and taking into account broader demographic, family and economic data for children of various races, broken down by state, is a newer study released this week by the Annie E.
Casey Foundation that found African-American children are on the lowest end of nearly every measured index including proficiency in math and reading, high school graduation, poverty and parental education.
One research project, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychologyexamined how college students and police officers estimated the ages of children who they were told had committed crimes.
We find support for these hypotheses Another study by researchers at UC Riverside found that teachers tended to be more likely to evaluate black children negatively than nonblack ones who were engaged in pretend play.
Psychology professor Tuppett M. Yates, who led the study, observed preschool-aged children interacting with stuffed toys and other props and evaluated them for how imaginative and creative they were.
Imaginative and expressive black children were perceived as less ready for school, as less accepted by their peers, and as greater sources of conflict and tension.
Or is America Just Racist? The preschool-to-prison pipeline needs to be dismantled from its starting point rather than simply its endpoint.
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We want the world to be a better place. But we can't do it alone. It doesn't work that way. If you can help today—because every gift of every size matters—please do.Unconscious Racism and the Dehumanization of Black Youth but recent social psychology research suggests that racial bias is often subtle.
Dehumanization of Black Children. Douglass does a superb job of illustrating how dehumanization of black slaves by the white ruling class played a significant role in the continued proliferation of slavery and the .
Only dehumanization and not police officers’ prejudice against Blacks — conscious or not — was linked to violent encounters with Black children in custody, according to the study. – In one experiment, students rated the innocence of people ranging from infants to 25 year olds who were Black, White, or an unidentified race.
Taken together, this research suggests that dehumanization is a uniquely dangerous intergroup attitude, that intergroup perception of children is underexplored, and that both topics should be research priorities. Black children so vulnerable to being treated like adults?
When Black adults are treated more harshly than Whites, re-. "Our research found that black boys can be seen as responsible for their actions at an age when white boys still benefit from the assumption that children are essentially innocent.". Jun 14, · And still, Black children were not shielded from institutionalized racist violence.
Take for example that the youngest legally executed American, George Stinney Jr., was a year-old Black boy. Stinney was accused of the murder of two white children in South Carolina.