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He allowed the error to stand and became U. To friends, he was known as "Sam. A man of action, he would go to the front during battles, in disobedience of orders. At the battles of Molino del Rey and Chapultepec he was breveted for bravery and gallantry. Following the war, he was posted to the West Coast with the rank of captain, but resigned July 31,under suspicion of heavy drinking.
He did partake of alcohol, but he suffered severe migraines and it is believed some bouts with these were reported as bouts of drunkenness. The boredom of frontier duty and longing for his beloved wife, Julia, likely did lead him to imbibe to excess. During the Civil War, his aide-de-camp, John A.
Rollins, was a teetotaler who had seen his own father drink himself to death and the family into poverty.
He informed Grant that the first time he saw his commander drunk would be the last day he would serve as his aide. Rollins was still with Grant at the end of the war. There were occasional stories of drunken binges, but none substantiated.
Grant had married Julia Dent, from St. Louis, on August 22, InGrant convinced President Rutherford B. Hays to name Longstreet ambassador to the Ottoman Empire. After resigning from the army, Grant tried his hand unsuccessfully at several business ventures. In Missouri, he operated a farm, using one slave given to him by his slaveholding father-in-law.
When the farm failed, Grant emancipated the man, William Jones, rather than selling him, even though Grant was in debt. Initially, he did not get a commission in the army, but with the help of Congressman Elihu B.
Washburne, he was named colonel of the 21st Illinois Regiment, June 17, At the end of July he was made a brigadier general of volunteers, to date from May After initial successes, he was forced to withdraw his men when Confederate reinforcements arrived.
Grant responded, "No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender," and he became known in the North as "Unconditional Surrender Grant"—a nickname inspired in part by his initials, U. His victory led to a promotion to major general.
An illustrator depicted him smoking a cigar at Fort Donelson—he actually was a pipe smoker at the time—and the published image resulted in admirers sending him cigars by the barrelful. Perhaps not coincidentally, he would die of tongue cancer. A Confederate sympathizer in a telegraph office intercepted and destroyed his messages to the War Department following the battle at Fort Donelson, and until the truth was discovered Grant was temporarily removed from command for failing to communicate with his superiors.
Though pushed back a couple of miles, Grant held.
Reinforced overnight by Brig. Shiloh showed Lincoln Grant was a general who fought, even under facing adverse circumstances. McClellan and Pope had retreated; in the West, Grant kept pushing south and west.
Grant turned his attention to Vicksburg, the Confederate "Gibraltar of the West" atop high, steep banks that gave it control of Mississippi River traffic. He was set back by a cavalry raid led by Confederate Maj.Chronology of the Northern Pacific & Related Land Grant Railroads.
July 24, version. compiled by George Draffan, kaja-net.com References cited correspond to the author's Bibliography on. The CWDCE of the YMCA of Greater Pittsburgh provides services to unemployed and underemployed residents of the East End and surrounding areas of Allegheny County, specializing in helping people.
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