Historiographic metafiction is one kind of postmodern novel which rejects projecting present beliefs and standards onto the past and asserts the specificity and particularity of the individual past event. Since the documents become signs of events, which the historian transmutes into facts, as in historiographic metafiction, the lesson here is that the past once existed, but that our historical knowledge of it is semiotically transmitted. Finally, Historiographic metafiction often points to the fact by using the paratextual conventions of historiography to both inscribe and undermine the authority and objectivity of historical sources and explanations. Hutcheon mentions a fact is discourse-defined; an event is not, in other words, events have no meaning in themselves and facts are given meaning.
InWilliam H. Explicit use of metafictional technique, as Waugh describes it, stems from modernist questioning of consciousness and reality.
The following terms are often used to describe contemporary metafiction: See Magical RealismBooker PrizeNobel Prize Attempting to defend twentieth century metafiction, theorists link metafictional technique to older literary works.
Other theorists often employ the same double definition of metafiction, which makes it difficult to know whether the definition refers to contemporary metafiction or to all works containing self-reflexivity.
See Mimicry, Ambivalence and Hybridity Despite the differences between their definitions, most theorists agree that metafiction cannot be classified as a genre nor as the definitive mode of postmodern fiction. Spectrum of Metafictional Technique Patricia Waugh identifies three types of contemporary metafiction.
Within the second type, she includes works that present a parody on a specific work or fictional mode. The third type includes works that are less overtly metafictional. See Language Ommundeson also makes efforts to differentiate between aspects presenting metafiction.
She divides metafiction according to its use of three common allegorical plot devices. The first plot allegory is use of a sexual act as a metaphor for creating fiction.
The third common allegory she cites is the use of game structures to represent codes of fictional systems. Some contemporary metafiction can also be called surfiction, antifiction, fabulation, neo-baroquefiction, post-modernist fiction, introverted novel, irrealism, or the self-begetting novel Waugh Characteristics Although characteristics of metafiction vary as widely as the spectrum of technique used within them, a pattern of several common traits can be traced.
These techniques often appear in combination, but also can appear singularly.
Metafiction often employs intertextual references and allusions by: Authors of metafiction often violate narrative levels by: Metafiction also uses unconventional and experimental techniques by: The Purpose of Metafiction Proponents believe that the metafictional novel gains significance beyond its fictional realms by outwardly projecting its inner self-reflective tendencies.
Ironically, it becomes real by not pretending to be real. Waugh further states that: The earliest histories contain fictional elements. They are implicit amalgamations of fact and myth. Historiographic metafictions bridge the fissure between historical and fictional works by recombining the two genres.
Fiction, History, Historiographic Metafiction.Style addresses questions of style, stylistics, and poetics including research and theory in discourse analysis, literary and nonliterary genres, narrative, fig. Metafiction is a form of literature that emphasizes its own constructedness in a way that continually reminds the reader to be aware that they are reading or viewing a fictional work.
Metafiction is self-conscious about language, literary form, storytelling, and directly or . Letteratura L'ampliamento delle problematiche legate alla l., con il progredire degli studi e con l'infittirsi dei rapporti che essa è venuta intrattenendo con le altre arti e con le più varie discipline, ha consigliato di distribuire la trattazione dell'argomento in più voci specifiche; si vedano in questa Appendice: letteratura e arti visive; letteratura e cinema; letteratura e musica.
Historiographic metafiction works to situate itself within historical discourse without surrendering its autonomy as fiction. And it is a kind of seriously ironic parody that effects both aims.
Nov 15, · The term “metafiction” has remained enigmatic and vague since it was coined in by William H. Gass in an essay entitled “Philosophy and the Form of Fiction”.
Jun 21, · Historiographic metafictions are “novels that are intensely self-reflective but that also both re-introduce historical context into metafiction and problemitize the entire question of historical knowledge” (Hutcheon ).