The History of Cocaine The History of Cocaine Cocaine is commonly seen on various movies and shows, but what is the actual history of the drug?
An Austrian ophthalmologist named Carl Koller is credited with discovering the effective use of cocaine as a local anesthetic for eye surgery in Koller found that a cocaine solution applied to the cornea left the eye temporarily unable to move or feel pain.
Before this discovery, it was almost impossible to operate on the eye because of its involuntary movements. His findings, published on September 18,were widely accepted and reproduced in the United States. Newspapers throughout the Midwest began reporting on the wonder drug almost immediately.
The rising popularity of the drug was apparently driving up the cost. The anesthetic solution requires four grains in drops of water. National Library of Medicine Digital Collections. When asked by the reporter if he uses the drug in surgery, the doctor replied: In general practice it has driven ether and chloroform out of the field.
It is not only a wonderful discovery, but it is astonishing how rapidly it has risen into favor. Too much cannot be said in its praise in surgical operations upon the eye, ear and nose. On February 21,the [Terre Haute] Saturday Evening Mail ran an article detailing the history and medical uses for cocaine, including eye surgery.
The following year that this very procedure was successfully performed by a surgeon at the nearby Miami Medical College in Ohio.
By this time, cocaine was also being used as an anesthetic for nose, throat, and for dental procedures. It was completely unregulated.
Anyone could walk into a pharmacy and purchase cocaine powder or tablets. Ads appear throughout Indiana newspapers in the s promoting it as a cure for hay feverhair loss, and recommending cocaine lozenges as essential for speakers and singers. Later, it turned out, there were some complications with the wonder drug.
Sanders, accessed U. For more information on cocaine and eye surgery see: · History Cocaine is a drug derived from the South American coca plant (Erythoxylon coca). It is a powerful stimulant and popular recreational drug.
However, there are legitimate medical uses for cocaine as a topical anesthetic used in certain head, neck and respiratory tract procedures, as well as a potent vasoconstrictor to help reduce bleeding of the kaja-net.com cocaine: a short history What began as a religious tradition in the Andes has turned into abuse throughout the world.
Coca is one of the oldest, most potent and most dangerous stimulants of natural origin. The History of Cocaine. Cocaine is commonly seen on various movies and shows, but what is the actual history of the drug? Is it really harmful? Let’s take a look at its history to find out.
Origins and Cultures. Cocaine is found naturally in the leaves of the coca kaja-net.com://kaja-net.com · In the late s cocaine was used as a primary ingredient for flavor in Coca Cola.
In the early s cocaine in its crude form was removed. Today the extract of the coca leaves, a de-cocainized version, is manufactured in the United States and used in the flavoring for Coca kaja-net.com://kaja-net.com A Brief History of Cocaine, Second Edition provides a fascinating historical insight into the reasons why cocaine use is increasing in popularity and why the rise of the cocaine trade is tightly linked with the rise of terrorism The author illustrates the challenges faced by today's governments and explains why current anti-drug efforts have kaja-net.com When interpreting the results of a test, it is important to consider the cocaine usage history of the individual, since a chronic user can develop tolerance to doses that would incapacitate a cocaine-naive individual, and the chronic user often has high baseline values of the metabolites in his system.